The subject introduces key themes in the history and theory of architecture and landscape, framed in terms of examples from antiquity until the beginning of the 19th century. Forums and tutorials question the relevance of these buildings and landscapes to contemporary practice. The subject addresses the continuing themes of architecture and landscape disciplines: geometry and proportion; understandings of the primitive and the past; spatial politics; objectivity and subjectivity; the relation to nature and the natural; the relation to urban order; symbolism, iconography and narrative; and the role of the individual in the construction of the social. Each case study investigated opens important attributes in the visual dialogue developed between past and present.